SOS is a coalition of northwest and national conservation organizations, recreational and commercial fishing associations, clean energy and orca advocates, businesses and citizens committed to protecting and restoring abundant, self-sustaining fishable populations of salmon and steelhead to the Columbia-Snake River Basin for the benefit of people and ecosystems.
The Columbia-Snake River Basin was once the most prolific salmon landscape on the planet – experiencing returns of adult wild salmon and steelhead exceeding 16 million fish annually. Today, however, due mainly to the scores of large dams built on the Columbia and Snake Rivers last century, populations have plummeted. Thirteen populations are listed under the Endangered Species Act. All four remaining salmon and steelhead populations in the Snake River Basin are at risk of extinction.
(1) Securing a durable, lawful, science-based federal plan - Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS) Biological Opinion - that protects and restores Columbia-Snake salmon and steelhead. Science, law and common sense dictate that this plan must include the removal of the four high-cost, low-value dams on the lower Snake River and expanded spill on the dams that remain, among other measures.
(2) Securing a modernized U.S. – Canada Columbia River Treaty that includes a new third purpose of ecosystem-based function or health of the river – co-equal with the two other original Treaty purposes of energy production and flood management. A modernized Treaty must include and prioritize ecological goals and outcomes, engage Columbia Basin Tribes and First Nations as full partners in the planning and implementation of the Treaty moving forward, and ensure river and watershed resilience in the face of an increasingly disrupted climate.
SOS coordinates legal, policy, communications, and community organizing efforts to inform and engage our constituencies, the public, key stakeholders and elected leaders regionally and nationally. We work closely with the State of Oregon, and with the Nez Perce and other Tribes in the Columbia Basin. Over the course of our 25-year history, our coordinated work has educated and mobilized the public to support policies in the Columbia-Snake watershed that wild salmon and steelhead need in order to recover. As a result of our coalition efforts, we have held federal agencies in the Pacific Northwest accountable for their obligations and responsibilities under the Endangered Species Act, National Environmental Policy Act and other federal laws.
Since 2000, we have won five consecutive court verdicts invalidating the agencies’ inadequate federal Columbia Basin salmon plans, most recently in Spring 2016. Working with lawyers, coalition leaders, elected officials and members of the public, we have delivered important programs and policies that are giving endangered salmon and steelhead a fighting chance. Our efforts have secured the nation’s largest salmon habitat protection and restoration program - on tributaries to the Columbia and Snake Rivers and in the estuary. Since 2006, working with the Nez Perce Tribe and the State of Oregon, we maintained critical levels of court-ordered “salmon spill” – water releases over the tops of dams during the spring and summer – that has delivered more juvenile salmon and steelhead past the federal system of dams to the Pacific Ocean more quickly and safely. In 2017, our alliance fought for and won additional spill for provide further help for imperiled salmon starting in spring of 2018.
Our work, of course, is far from done.
Contact us for further information.
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Save Our wild Salmon
811 First Avenue #305
Seattle, WA 98104
Last Edited on 2017-10-07
Founded in 1991, Save Our wild Salmon (SOS) is a coalition of northwest and national conservation organizations, commercial and sportsfishing associations, businesses, river groups and clean energy advocates working together to protect and restore self-sustaining, abundant, and harvestable populations of salmon and steelhead to the rivers, streams and marine waters of the Pacific Salmon states for the benefit of people and ecosystems.
We focus our collective efforts on the Columbia and Snake River Basin, where in the time of Lewis and Clark up to 16 million wild salmon and steelhead returned each year. Today, adult returns of wild salmon and steelhead to the Snake River - the Columbia's largest tributary - can be counted in the tens of thousands. Thirteen populations at risk of extinction are listed under the Endangered Species Act - including all four remaining Snake River stocks. Join our campaign to help us restore these critically endangered salmon and steelhead populations by:
With these actions, we can protect and begin to restore the Pacific Northwest's wild salmon and steelhead and the irreplaceable ecological, economic and cultural benefits they provide to residents of the Northwest and nation.
Sawtooth Wildlife Council
Joseph Bogaard, Executive Director
Joseph began working for Save Our Wild Salmon in 1996. He first got hooked on Northwest salmon restoration efforts while in graduate school where he authored a paper in the early-1990s, exploring the then-relatively recent Snake River salmon listings under the Endangered Species Act, and how it might impact the region and its federal lands and dams. Before joining the SOS team, Joseph spent many years teaching and working in the forests and mountains of the West. Today, Joseph lives on Vashon Island with his wonderful wife Amy and two children Liesl and Jeremiah.
Sam Mace, Inland Northwest Director
Sam learned to love rivers and salmon growing up in the Oregon Coast Range, perhaps pre-ordained by being given the middle name of Anne. She first got involved in conservation work graduating Reed College. Sam first got involved in efforts to protect Snake River wild salmon and steelhead 15 years ago working for the Idaho Wildlife Federation. She’s worked for SOS since 2004. Sam lives in Spokane with her dog and her sweetheart, and spends her free time fishing, hiking and gardening.
Graeme Lee Rowlands, Columbia River Treaty Project Coordinator
The Columbia Basin
Graeme Lee Rowlands studied at Quest University Canada in Squamish, British Columbia where he completed an interdisciplinary degree in Water Resource Sciences with a special focus on the Columbia River Basin and the Columbia River Treaty. His work has since been published more than 50 journalistic and academic outlets including the Seattle Times, Maclean’s Magazine, and the official journal of the International Water Resources Association. Graeme has also traveled extensively throughout the watershed to learn directly from people and place. Most notably, in 2017 he followed the entire length of the Columbia from sea-to-source by bicycle and kayak while reading key texts and engaging with local residents and experts. In 2019, Graeme served on the Planning Committee for the sixth annual international ‘One River, Ethics Matter’ Conference and is an contributing member of the Columbia River Roundtable.
Oakley Wurzweiler, Summer Engagement Intern
Oakley is an avid outdoors-woman and fisherman, which ultimately got her interested in Save Our wild Salmon’s purpose and mission. Oakley is a recent graduate of Gonzaga University with a BA in environmental studies and hopes to continue learning and fighting for the environment. She is from Colorado so most of her time is spent in the mountains or on rivers, exploring new places and learning about our natural world. Outside of work, Oakley loves backpacking, fishing, and skiing, as long as a good playlist is provided.
Tom Stuart, President,
Idaho Rivers United Representative (Idaho)
Tom Stuart and is a lifelong fisherman, a retired USAF aviator, HR specialist, and central Idaho business owner. His commitment to NW salmon recovery led him to Idaho Rivers United, where he has served for years as a board member and representative to SOS. Educated in Physics, History, Teacher Education and Business, he has been personally involved in salmon and steelhead restoration efforts in state, regional, and national venues and decision processes since 1990.
He says, “Serving the Save our wild Salmon (SOS) Coalition, with its diverse membership, strong leaders and committed staff representing 6 million people nationwide, is a huge honor and responsibility. If we work together, I know we can succeed in bringing back wild salmon to many Northwest watersheds.”
Tom and wife Anne Pasley-Stuart live in Boise and Stanley, Idaho. Their daughter Lisa and family live in nearby Eagle.
Giulia Good Stefani, Vice President
National Resources Defense Council (Oregon)
Giulia Good Stefani works to protect marine mammals and other wildlife, wild places, and communities from environmental injustices. Prior to joining NRDC, she taught and supervised a law clinic at Yale Law School as a Robert M. Cover Fellow, worked for a small Los Angeles law firm, and clerked for the Honorable Richard A. Paez of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. She represents NRDC on the Orca Salmon Alliance and as an advisor to the Emergency Orca Task Force created by Governor Inslee in 2018. She holds a bachelor’s degree in biology from Dartmouth College and a J.D. from Yale Law School. Stefani works out of Mosier, Oregon.
Joel Kawahara, Treasurer
Coastal Trollers Association (Washington State)
Joel Kawahara is a commercial fisherman in Washington and Alaska. He is an active member of the Coastal Trollers Association and has sat on the board of Save Our Wild Salmon for many years. Joel also serves on the board of the Alaska Trollers Association and has served for more than a decade as a member of the Habitat Committee for the Pacific Fisheries Management Council.
Norm Ritchie, Board of Directors, Secretary
Association of NW Steelheaders' Government Affairs Director (Oregon)
Norm has been fishing ever since he moved to Oregon in the early 1950s. Since then he has increased his involvement to include volunteering for stream surveys, serving on the boards of the Association of Northwest Steelheaders (ANWS) chapters and holding president and co-president titles in the association. ANWS is a member based organization of sports anglers dedicated to restoring and enhancing salmon, trout and steelhead populations and their habitats for present and future generations. Norm has written many "how to" articles and was appointed by the governor to the Salmon Trout Advisory Committee late last year. Norm is the newest member of the board, appointed in 2004.
Brian grew up in Idaho hunting and fishing in every corner of the state. He has had a fly rod or spinning rod in his hands since he was four years old and began hunting birds at 12. Big game soon followed. Idaho’s extensive system of public lands kept Brian in pursuit of fish and game further and further into the backcountry. Combining the exploration of Idaho’s seemingly limitless wild places with the primal participation in the cycle of life and death, Brian developed a respect and reverence for land and wildlife and the active role sportsmen and women play in their management.
The realization that our accessible public lands, clean waters, and robust fish and wildlife populations didn’t happen on accident motivated Brian to pursue an education that would give him the tools to work to preserve and enhance the opportunities he grew up with for others, forever. He received a B.S. in Conservation Social Science, a Masters of Natural Resources, and a Certificate in Restoration Ecology from the University of Idaho. Brian’s professional experience includes leading habitat restoration and trail crews, forestry, salmon and steelhead restoration planning, wildlife rehab/sanctuary manager, outdoor writer, and natural resource policy.
Brian also enjoys mountain and road biking, skiing and snowboarding, backpacking, and morel hunting.
National Wildlife Federation (Montana)
Tom received his B.A. in History/Political Science and his Juris Doctorate from The University of Montana. In 1981 Tom accepted a position with the NWF and is currently Senior Director of Western Wildlife Conservation in NWF's Missoula, MT office.
He also supervises the natural resource clinic program, run in cooperation with the University of Montana School of Law. Tom has participated on the Advisory Committee to the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment on coal leasing and the Hydro Assessment Steering Committee of the Northwest Power Planning Council. He is a past member of the Montana Environmental Quality Council and past-Chairman of the Missoula Solid Waste Task Force.
Tom also served on the Missoula Mayor's Roundtable and the Governor’s Yellowstone Grizzly Bear roundtable. Tom is a past Chairman of the Board for the High Country News Foundation and is currently Chairman of the Board for the Clark Fork Coalition. Tom has been involved in campaigns to restore wolves and grizzlies in the northern Rockies, reform hard rock mining in the West, and promote effective private lands conservation through the Farm Bill.
NW Energy Coalition (Oregon)
Wendy is Policy Director for the NW Energy Coalition. Prior to joining the Coalition, Wendy worked as a policy analyst for Sustainable Northwest focusing on federal land management and rural economic development issues. She has also worked for Portland General Electric in the areas of greenhouse gas reporting and corporate footprint monitoring. Her work with the Columbia River Intertribal Fish Commission provided her with a deep appreciation for the importance of water, salmon and clean energy in our region. For fun, Wendy enjoys hiking, biking and exploring Portland’s wonderful farmers markets with her family.
Earthjustice (Washington State)
Steve Mashuda joined the Board of Save Our Wild Salmon in 2002 and has been helping with litigation for the campaign as Earthjustice's Save Our Wild Salmon Project Attorney since 2000. Steve graduated from Vermont Law School where he also earned a Master of Studies in Environmental Law in 1997. Prior to joining the Northwest Office of Earthjustice, Steve spent two years as an associate attorney in Earthjustice's Northern Rockies Office in Bozeman, Montana. In his spare time, Steve (mostly unsuccessfully) chases after salmon and steelhead with his fly rod and (more successfully) photographs his friends with their catches. He looks forward to a day when wild salmon and steelhead are recovered and abundant in the Columbia River basin so his kids won't have to travel to Alaska to have a shot at catching their first wild steelhead.
American Rivers (Washington State)
Wendy joined the SOS Board in 2016. She has worked for American Rivers since 2013 and is based in Bellingham, WA. Currently, Wendy is the Director of their Puget Sound and Columbia Basin Program where she works on integrated watershed planning, Wild and Scenic River designations, FERC hydropower processes, floodplain restoration, and climate change adaptation. Before coming to American Rivers, Wendy was the River Program Director for the San Juan Citizens Alliance in Durango, CO, where she worked on collaborative watershed planning projects including improving flows in the Dolores River. Prior to her time at San Juan Citizens Alliance, she was the Executive Director for the High Country Citizens Alliance in Crested Butte, CO, where she worked on issues including defending the Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park’s rights to environmental flows for the Gunnison River and preventing a large-scale, industrial molybdenum mine on Mt. Emmons. She has a Master of Science in Cultural and Environmental Resource Management from Central Washington University and Bachelor’s degree in biology from Western State College of Colorado. Wendy is an avid telemark skier (tele’s not dead), whitewater rafter, hiker, and loves spending time with her dog Piper
Washington Wildlife Federation (Washington State)
Steve is an Alaska, Bristol Bay, commercial fisherman. He is retired from the Boeing Company where he held various financial and contract management positions. Steve has been active with Washington Wildlife Federation since 1993, having served previous terms as vice-president and president. He is also currently Treasurer of Washington Wildlife Federation and a vice-president.
Northwest Guides and Anglers Association (Oregon)
Bob Rees is the founder and president of the NW Guides and Anglers Association (NWGAA). A licensed charter boat operator and fishing guide, Bob formerly worked for the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife and the National Marine Fisheries Service conducting seasonal positions between Oregon and Alaska. A native Oregonian, Bob grew up fishing NW Oregon in pursuit of salmon, steelhead and sturgeon and his business and industry rely heavily on the health of Columbia River fisheries. He has been involved in countless conservation measures and stands by the Association's mission to protect, enhance and promote healthy sportfisheries and the ecosystems they depend on in the Pacific Northwest. Bob's great grandfather once owned an island upstream of what is now The Dalles Dam. The island submerged, Bob now advocates for the recovery of listed Snake River fish so they don't meet the same fate of what would have been his heritage.
Pacific Coast Federation of Fishermen's Associations (Oregon)
Since 1992, Glen Spain has served as the Northwest Regional Director and Salmon Protection Program Director for Pacific Coast Federation of Fishermen's Associations (PCFFA), the west coast's largest trade association for commercial fishing families, and is the founder and Program Director for the Institute for Fisheries Resources (IFR), which directs PCFFA's Salmon Protection Program. For nearly 30 years he has been a vocal advocate for salmon watershed restoration on both private and public lands, has served on numerous advisory committees and Boards in both California and Oregon, and currently serves on several advisory committees dealing with water pollution and salmon protection standards. Glen received his law degree from New College School of Law in San Francisco, CA and practiced law for 18 years prior to joining PCFFA as full-time staff.
Alex focuses on preserving lands and rivers in the Northwest, fostering connections to wild places, and advocating for public engagement in Federal land management. Before joining Sierra Club, Alex worked for the district office of Sen. Sanders to connect with communities and individuals in his home state of Vermont. He spends as much of his free time as possible exploring the Northwest by foot, skis, bicycle, or boat.