The Orca Connection

orca.kitsapThe Southern Resident Killer Whales (SRKW) of Washington State's Puget Sound amd Salish Sea are a critical part of the Northwest ecosystem and economy. They are apex predators, much-loved icons of Washington State that generate tens of millions in tourism dollars every year. They are also officially "endangered" and face severe threats to their survival. A top problem for the SRKWs is a lack of an adequate prey base - chinook salmon.

Despite having learned much about these imperiled whales in the last decade, NOAA has made precious little actual progress to meet their essential needs. The Columbia Basin — and the Snake River watershed in particular — that holds the greatest promise for restoring significant numbers of chinook in the near-term. For this reason, orca scientists and advocates increasingly support calls to remove the four costly lower Snake River dams.

No other Northwest chinook restoration proposal offers such potential. Investing in a healthy, free-flowing lower Snake River will restore salmon’s spawning access to more than 5,500 high-quality river and stream miles and produce hundreds of thousands more chinook to help southern resident killer whales survive and rebuild. Save Our wild Salmon looks forward to the opportunity to work with the people of Washington State and beyond to craft a plan that restores the Snake River and serves orcas, salmon and our communities on both sides of the Cascades.

Read the articles and posts for additional information on how these two critical Northwest species are connected.


Nat Geo Guest Blog: Breach the Snake River Dams

Posted by Carl Safina, The Safina Center, June 15, 2015

By Kenneth Balcomb, guest essayist

Note: In this guest essay, long-time killer whale researcher Ken Balcomb shows how obsolete but still salmon-killing dams are helping cause the decline of killer whales due to food shortage in the Northwest. The dams do feed us one thing: propaganda. As Ken wrote to me, “I was flabbergasted that the dams are closed to photography, and that their wasteful secret is downplayed in the mainstream propaganda fed to the public.” For more on the dams, see my book Song for the Blue Ocean. For more on Ken and the whales he has spent his life loving and studying, see my soon-to-be-released book Beyond Words; What Animals Think and Feel, which will hit bookstores on July 14. — Carl Safina

Ken-Balcomb-by-C-Safina-600x450

I have studied the majestic southern resident killer whales of the Pacific Northwest for forty years (approximately one productive lifespan – whale or human), during which time much has been learned and shared with the world about this iconic endangered population. They are now arguably the best known whales in the world! But, that was not always the case. The common response in the 1960‘s and 1970‘s to my announcement that I was studying whales was, “Why?” “What good are they?”

My best response was to point out that as top marine predators whales are indicators of the health of that environment in which they live – the ocean – and that is also an environment upon which humans depend. Now, with growing numbers of people appreciating the whales’ natural role in the marine environment, and better understanding their ecological requirement for specific food—Chinook salmon in this case—to survive, the conversation has moved toward a strategy of how best to provide that food. There is currently an active discussion about removal of the Snake River dams to save fish, or whales. The issue of whether dams should be breached to provide this food for the whales has now arrived. Would that be reasonable? Are we sure that will work?

Read more...

The Daily Astorian: Orcas back at Columbia River as 2015 tracking comes to an end

June 4, 2015 9:39AM

AR-150609894Members of the L pod of Southern Resident Killer Whales came back to the mouth of the Columbia River for Memorial Day weekend.

Satellite tag finally detached, bringing this season's NOAA tracking to an end

CAPE DISAPPOINTMENT, Wash. — Orcas made it back to the vicinity of the Long Beach Peninsula in time for the Memorial Day weekend as this year’s satellite-tracking program came to an end.

“As we sat on the beach on Long Beach Peninsula on Memorial weekend, we saw killer whales fishing just on the other side of the surf. It was very cool,” visitor Geneane Bentley Stahl wrote.

Orca L84, an adult male member of the L pod of Southern Resident Killer Whales usually identified with Puget Sound, along with other family members, made a rapid swim from the west coast of Canada’s Vancouver Island to the Columbia River plume between May 11 and May 17, NOAA Fisheries West Coast-Science & Management reported.

The orcas then went a little farther south for a few days, hunting off Tillamook Head and Clatsop Beach, before returning to the Columbia River on the morning of May 21.

Scientists from Olympia-based Cascadia Research Collective intercepted the whales and observed L84 and a few other members of his pod, or extended family group.

The tag that permitted scientists and the public to keep such close watch on orca movements along the outer coast this winter and spring is designed to eventually fall off, and apparently did so late last month, so this will be this year’s last tracking report.

It has been a fascinating set of sightings. This year at least, all or most of L pod — sometimes joined by members of the K and J pods — spent four months ranging up and down the West Coast between Vancouver Island and northern California. Much of that time was centered in the waters of the Columbia River plume, and the ocean off the mouths of Willapa Bay and Grays Harbor. This year joins 2013 as a successful deployment of the satellite tags; in 2014, the tag came off soon after it was attached to an orca.

Whale and Dolphin Conservation Guest Blog: Southern Resident Orcas and the Snake River

By Dr. Deborah Giles, May 16, 2015

Ten years ago, the Southern Resident orca population was officially listed as endangered under the Endangered Species Act (ESA).  In the decade since, the Southern Residents have declined in number in the face of numerous threats and a continually diminishing food source.  The survival of this unique orca population is closely linked to the abundance of their preferred prey – Chinook salmon – and WDC is proud to be part of a developing coalition that is working to save both the Southern Residents and the salmon they need to thrive.  These two species, iconic images in their Pacific Northwest home, and recognized and revered worldwide, are vital parts of their ecosystem, and they are in need of recovery efforts on an ecosystem-wide scale to ensure their future. 

NOAA L121

This Whale and Dolphin Conservation guest blog is from Dr. Deborah Giles, a research affiliate with UC Davis who has been studying the Southern Resident killer whales for over a decade.  She is a founding member of the Salish Sea Association of Marine Naturalists (SSAMN) and the Southern Resident Killer Whale Chinook Salmon Initiative (SRKW CSI).  As part of the coalition, we are working on restoring rivers in the Pacific Northwest, starting with the Snake River – one of the key components for the survival of Chinook salmon and the Southern Residents.

Learn more about Whale and Dolphin Conservation at their website.

What else do the Southern Residents need to survive?  Read on to find out….

Read more...

Seattle Times: Orca baby boom continues with discovery of fourth calf

orca.calfBy Paige Cornwell  /  March 31, 2015

Whale-watching crews spotted a new baby orca in the Salish Sea on Monday, marking the fourth documented southern-resident killer-whale birth in three months.

Whale-watching crews spotted a new baby orca in the Salish Sea on Monday, marking the fourth documented southern-resident killer-whale birth in three months.

The calf was spotted among the J-pod near Galiano Island, B.C., about noon, according to the Pacific Whale Watch Association.

Researchers spotted the calf while watching the subgroup known as the J16s with its 3-month-old calf, known as J50, according to the association, which represents 29 whale-watch operators in Washington and British Columbia.

“We were assuming we had only the J16s,” naturalist and researcher Jeanne Hyde said in a news release. “And as they passed in front of the boat, I saw a small calf surfacing next to J16 and said ‘there’s the baby.’ But then J50 surfaced behind all the rest.”

The calf has heavy fetal folds, indicating that he or she is a newborn.

The birth brings the endangered killer-whale population to 81. A female calf in the J-pod was spotted in late December and a second calf was spotted in early February.

The third calf, in the L-pod, was observed a few weeks later.

Monday’s sighting hasn’t yet been confirmed by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

http://www.seattletimes.com/seattle-news/orca-baby-boom-continues-with-discovery-of-fourth-calf/

Seattle Times: Researchers tracking killer whales took this video of a new calf from the endangered orca population that spends much of its time in Puget Sound.

orca.videoBy Hal Bernton

NOAA Fisheries researchers tracking killer whales off the Northwest coast took this video of a new calf from the endangered wild southern resident orca population that spends much of its time in Puget Sound. These whales often make winter forays along the Washington and Oregon coasts, and good weather and ocean conditions gave researchers excellent access during a three-week cruise, according to a statement released by NOAA Fisheries.

The research crew observed the calf with other whales in the L-pod, one of three families of southern resident killer whales, according to Brad Hanson, a biologist with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Fisheries.

This is the third calf documented this year for the southern residents. Hanson told the Associated Press last month that the baby looks great and was very active when seen.

Read more...

Chinook Observer: Animal roundup: Baby orca leads a parade of returning species

orca.calf.2Orcas, great white sharks, sea lions and more turn local waters into a spectacle of vibrant spring life

Katie Wilson
March 3, 2015

As spring Chinook salmon moved into the Lower Columbia River last week, they encountered busy waters in river and ocean alike.

Salmon-loving orcas roamed the Oregon and Washington coasts — to the delight of NOAA researchers who say they have been having great success observing and tracking these relatives of dolphins on the outer coast for the past two weeks.

Most recently, the L pod, as this particular family of orcas is known, were spotted in waters directly off the Long Beach Peninsula Feb. 26, not long after being photographed at the mouth of Grays Harbor earlier that day.

“I keep thinking we have probably used all our luck up but things keep falling into place,” said Brad Hanson, lead researcher on the Southern Resident killer whale survey team. “By yesterday afternoon [Wednesday] we were down to one day’s fuel supply for the Zodiac. The whales have been all over the coasts of Washington and Oregon in the past two weeks but they managed to conveniently be in the vicinity of the entrance to Grays Harbor this morning [Thursday] allowing us to go in and quickly refuel.”

In photos the researchers took later, it is possible to see the calf’s fetal folds, indicating that it is likely only a few days old.

The orcas spent the afternoon foraging off the Long Beach Peninsula, and were observed by NOAA for weeks at various places between Neah Bay and Monterey. In addition to last Thursday, they were tracked in the immediate vicinity of the Long Beach Peninsula on Feb. 19, 20 and 25. They also spent several days off the North Coast of Oregon in the last week of February.

NOAA has been tracking the movements of Puget Sound-based orcas via satellite tags since 2009, finding they often spend extended amounts of time foraging up and down the outer coast in the winter, with the Columbia River’s biologically rich plume being a particular attraction.

Read more...

More Articles...

  1. Mar 04, 2015 - Chinook Observer: Baby orca in the Columbia River plume this week
  2. Feb 28, 2015 - Guest Opinion: Survival of endangered orcas in the Salish Sea depends on restoring chinook
  3. Feb 24, 2015 - Lewiston Tribune: Whale concerns prompt dam petition
  4. Feb 20, 2015 - Kitsap Sun: K and L pods under observation as they travel south in ocean
  5. Feb 18, 2015 - Islander Weekly: Dam removal initiative finds footing in DC
  6. Dec 22, 2014 - Seattle Times: Ten years after ESA listing, killer whale numbers falling
  7. Dec 16, 2014 - CBS News: Pregnant killer whale J-32 was starving, necropsy reveals
  8. Oct 22, 2014 - Seattle Times: 7-week-old baby orca missing, presumed dead
  9. Jul 07, 2014 - KING 5 TV: Orca expert's dire warning about Puget Sound orcas
  10. Feb 03, 2014 - New study connects Puget Sound orcas and Columbia Basin salmon
  11. Jan 15, 2014 - Orca advocates, businesses and scientists call on Governor Inslee to take action to rebuild endangered chinook salmon stocks
  12. Apr 10, 2013 - Watching Our Waterways: Orca tracking project comes to an end for now
  13. Mar 05, 2013 - Revealing new data shows killer whales' affinity for the Columbia River mouth
  14. Jun 21, 2010 - June is Orca Month - Check out the new video on salmon and orcas
  15. Dec 29, 2009 - Orcas and Salmon Roundup by Howard Garrett: Will The Present Administration Act In Behalf Of Orcas And Salmon?
  16. Dec 01, 2009 - "Commercial Fisheries, Salmon, and Orcas" - by Candace Calloway Whiting in the Seattle PI's City Brights
  17. Nov 17, 2009 - "River of Renewal"- Salmon, Dams, Orcas, and You
  18. Jun 10, 2009 - Orca Awareness Month
  19. Mar 03, 2009 - Saving Snake River salmon will save Puget Sound killer whales
  20. May 02, 2008 - Seattle Times Guest columnists: Connect the dots to save orcas, salmon
Save Our wild Salmon is a diverse, nationwide coalition working together to restore wild salmon and steelhead to the rivers, streams and marine waters of the Pacific Northwest for the benefit of our region's ecology, economy and culture.

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